Tourism: the essentials to remember

Tourism is the movement of a group of people to another place or country. It has an impact on the economic, cultural, social and even environmental life of a country. Today, the benefits of tourism are highlighted, but it also has its risks. This article will highlight the disadvantages of this activity without forgetting its legal basis.

The negative impact of tourism

Mass tourism has disadvantages in the host country. Firstly, the tourist sites are threatened with degradation given the many visits received. Also on the environmental level, there is a real pollution especially in the beaches, public spaces. Visitors find it difficult to respect the culture of the local populations. This causes a clash of cultures. In truth, mass tourism has no advantage over the local population. The jobs created as a result of tourism are short-term and underpaid. Because of the disadvantages of tourism, the authorities need to put in place a policy for this specific sector. But it must respect the international provisions and agreements on tourism.

The Regulation of Tourism

The texts that regulate tourism are at the national and international levels. At the national level, each State regulates this sector through decree-laws, framework conventions and codes. These regulatory provisions can be modified or readjusted. Most of the time, it is with regard to the new challenges of tourism that the readjustments are made. National legal provisions must be in line with international standards on tourism. At the international level, the World Tourism Organisation (WTO) is at the top of its management. Thus international conventions, codes. The UNWTO member states undertake to comply strictly with these international regulations. Tourism is therefore regulated. It is good that a State chooses this path for the good of its economy. But it must think deeply about it first.

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